DISCUSS THE DAVIS-MOORE THESIS OF STRATIFICATION AND MERITOCRACY

This is accomplished through the unequal distribution of rewards. Davis and Moore argue that the most difficult jobs in any society are the most necessary and require the highest rewards and compensation to sufficiently motivate individuals to fill them. Moore in a paper published in Overall, the assumption of functionalism is that all social structures contribute to the maintenance of the system and the existence of any given structure is explained by means of its consequences functions which must, by definition be beneficial to the maintenance of stable order. Once the roles are filled, the division of labour functions properly, based on the notion of organic solidarity advanced by Emile Durkheim. Main principles of structural functionalism:

Social positions have varying degrees of functional importance. This is accomplished through the unequal distribution of rewards. So, inequality is universal. Hence, every society, no matter how simple or complex, must differentiate persons in terms of both prestige and esteem, and must therefore possess a certain amount of institutionalized inequality. The Davis—Moore hypothesis , sometimes referred to as the Davis—Moore theory , is a central claim within the structural functionalist paradigm of sociological theory, and was advanced by Kingsley Davis and Wilbert E. Class itself can be though of as implying a set of life chances and obstacles to social mobility. Davis and Moore argue that the most difficult jobs in any society are the most necessary and require the highest rewards and compensation to sufficiently motivate individuals to fill them.

Scarcity of talent is not an adequate explanation of stratification. Opportunities for achievement are not distributed equally.

Overall, the assumption of functionalism is that all social structures contribute to the maintenance of the system and the existence of any given structure is explained by means of its consequences functions which must, by definition be beneficial to the maintenance of stable order.

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With particular respect to the issue of social stratification or social inequality, the functionalist view argues that social inequality is necessary because it fulfills vital system needs. They assume it is beneficial then try to explain how it must be beneficial. As a structural functionalist theory, it is also associated with Talcott Parsons and Robert K. The Davis—Moore hypothesissometimes referred to as the Davis—Moore theoryis a central claim within the structural functionalist paradigm of sociological theory, and was advanced by Kingsley Davis and Wilbert E.

Main principles of structural functionalism: This page was last edited on 24 Marchat Societies are stratified because inequality fulfills an important need of all social systems. The Functionalist View of Stratification: Inept progeny of rich tycoons took over companies while intelligent children of workers went uneducated. The distribution of positions cannot be understood merely by achievement but achievement itself is conditioned by ascription of status.

Not all positions are equally pleasant, equally importantor equal in terms of required talent and ability.

We must also consider the problem of deskilling and the control of workers see Braverman –the detailed division of labor.

Class itself can be though of as implying a set of life chances and obstacles to social mobility.

Davis–Moore hypothesis – Wikipedia

Summary of the Davis-Moore Thesis: The answer they come up with is this: Rather it draws a high income because it is functionally important and the available personnel is for one reason or another scarce. Views Read Edit View history.

discuss the davis-moore thesis of stratification and meritocracy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Secondly, Davis and Moore do not clearly indicate why some positions should be worth more than others, other than the fact that they are remunerated more, claiming, for example, that teachers are equally, if not more, functionally necessary than athletes and movie stars, yet, they receive significantly lower incomes.

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discuss the davis-moore thesis of stratification and meritocracy

Modern societies allocated their collective labor forces inefficiently, wasting talented but poor people in humble positions and suffering from the inept sons of the privileged in powerful positions. Some rewards are not functionally determined at all, but rather must be understood within the context of wealth ownership aand institution of inheritance.

Societies are complex systems of interrelated and interdependent parts, and each part of a society significantly influences the others. Why are some positions in society higher than others? Society must distribute its members among the various positions steatification society.

Talented and trained individuals are scarce because acquisition of training and skills requires people to be sufficiently motivated to pursue them. Social positions have varying degrees of functional importance. Davis and Moore argue that the most stratificatiom jobs in any society are the most necessary and require the highest rewards and compensation to sufficiently motivate individuals to fill them.

The most important positions are rewarded the most–the least important are rewarded the least. The hypothesis is an attempted explanation of social stratificationbased on the idea of “functional necessity”.

Davis–Moore hypothesis

The inequality of rewards corresponds to what Davis and Moore call functional importance of the position. Tumin thesjs see Levine, p. Stratification, or unequal distribution of rewards ensures that the most talented and trained individuals will fulfill the social roles of greatest importance.

People have to be motivated to fill certain positions and perform their duties.