Many are second-generation families. Mumbai is an important port city on the northwest coast of India and is the state capital of Maharashtra. It has a village feel despite its high population density and has a central social square. The locals would prefer small improvements to the existing slum such as improvements in drainage. The people have not planned this settlement and have no legal rights to the land. Ansari said he saw similar development projects in the s and s when thousands languished in a transit camp for years without seeing new homes promised by government officials.

Up until the s, Mumbai owed its wealth to its historical colonial past, textile mills and the seaport, but the local economy has since been diversified and now Mumbai is home to most of India’s specialised technical industries, having a modern industrial infrastructure and vast, skilled human resources. Mumbai booming economy means that migrants come for job opportunities in the expanding industries, financial institutions and administration. At the edge of the tip the rag dealers sort their haul before selling it on to dealers. The value of land is so high that redevelopment is now a real threat. Photo by Sudhin Thanawala, special to the Chronicle Many Indian authorities here proudly claim this seaside metropolis — the nation’s largest — as an Asian financial hub on par with Shanghai and Tokyo.

– GCSE / IGCSE Geography – Squatter Settlements – Dharavi

Conditions in the slum In the slum people have to live with many problems. Indeed, property in Mumbai is becoming some of the most expensive in the dhaaravi.

The growth of Dharavi and other slums can create many problems – for example inadequate waste disposal, high incidences of disease and conflict. This suburbanisation has had consequences; 1. The people who are relocated will be put into smaller housing in apartment blocks. However, many of the residents of Mumbai live in illegal squatter settlements known as bustees in India. Kevin McCloud found that people seemed genuinely happy in the slum. The centre of density of population has shifted from the island city well into suburban Salsette.


It operates as the commercial capital of India, it is important for manufacturing and finance and it is also the home of ‘Bollywood’ films. We can do it build homes ourselves” through their own housing association.

geography aqa : dharavi case study

Working with Professor S. There are also mosques catering for people’s religious needs. Rooms within houses have multiple functions, including living, working and sleeping.

gcse geography case study dharavi

Also at risk are the local shops and markets and the community spirit which has taken generations to develop. There are also toxic wastes in the slum including hugely dangerous heavy metals. Indeed, in terms of population size Mumbai is India’s largest city, and is the financial capital of the country, being home to the Mumbai Stock Exchange. It has a village feel despite its high population density and has a central social square.

Also known as Mumbai, Bombay is often called “Slumbai.

Alongside this incredible wealth is a large unskilled and informal workforce, who work as self-employed and often unregulated workers. In some cases this rapid urbanisation happens too fast for the city authorities to cope with.

Squatter settlements

Social activists also cite the lack of involvement of slum dwellers in the project. Urbanisation and its impacts Mumbai has urbanised over the past 60 years and urbanized rapidly from its origins as a fishing village. Increasing industrialisation of the suburbs is increasing this movement. At dharagi edge of the tip the rag dealers sort their haul before selling it on to dealers. Potter Ranchhod Tank, 40, shown in his workshop outside his home in Dharavi, opposes the redevelopment project.


gcse geography case study dharavi

From the tip it arrives in Dharavi where it is processed. They are not people picking through rubbish – they are a population crammed into a small area, surrounded by geogtaphy because there are no private amenities and no roads providing vehicle access to the area. This case study will explore how urbanization, suburbanization, counter geoggraphy and now reurbanisation processes have occurred in the Mumbai region and how those processes have been managed.

This has several advantages and disadvantages. Dbaravi critics quickly point out that India — touted as an international powerhouse in the 21st century along with China — will never become an economic success story until it eradicates its many urban slums. Known as the Dharavi slums, it is strewn with rubbish, excrement and pools of filthy water. Dharavi – Life in a Slum.

gcse geography case study dharavi

How sustainable is this settlement? This is despite the enormous environmental problems with air and land pollution. One private enterprise makes the metal cages inside suitcases, making pieces per day, paid 3 rupees per piece.