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The research found this by-law adequate saving for some few censures in the sense that it provide for the wide coverage in solid waste management arena ranging from solid waste management strategies to the reprimands and penalties on default. The documents reviewed included the ones available at Ilala Municipal Council at Dar-es-salaam and Mzumbe University Mbeya Campus College library concerning the research topic which is about solid waste management in urban areas: Do you have any Municipal by-laws on solid waste management? In Tanzanian context the meaning of solid waste is provided for under Section 3 45 which defines solid waste to mean non-liquid materials arising from Domestic Street, commercial, industrial and agricultural activities and includes refuse or garbage, non- liquid materials arising from construction and demolition activities, garden trimmings and mining operations m dead animals and abandoned cars scraps. Limited which conduct its functions in Ilala Municipality specifically city centre effective regulation of the partnership arrangements and adequate management of the private partners through clear specifications, monitoring and control. Section 73 4 96 is to the effect that the Authority ,contractor or any person who undertakes the removal.

What does the Municipal by-laws state on solid waste management concerning liability on failure to pay for waste fee collection? Urban authorities are generally responsible for the provision of solid waste management including but not limited to the collection and disposal services. Do they have any terms with municipality? Dar-es-salaam City Council [Misc. However, these governments seems to be incapacitated due to various factors, so this research is of the view that central government participation is still of paramount importance.

To explore the role of the community and other stakeholders in management of solid waste in urban areas. The central Government also, has to establish the large scale compost or organic farms.

Log In Sign Up. He unversity suggested that in the three towns of Nairobi, Mombasa and Kisumu there should be decentralization of authority and administrative measures to build the powers and capacities of local governments commensurate with their solid waste management SWM responsibilities.

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This makes the effectiveness of this by- law in question. I recognise his blimey and I am always in endless owe. This research offer universty following recommendations to different entities depending on their participation in solid waste management;- 5. User satisfaction with provided services, approval of higher government authorities and financial viability of the operation are important criteria of successful solid waste management from the local government perspective.

The Act98 stipulate also that for the minimization of solid waste the authority shall prescribe for the separation at source ,of different types or kinds 92 Environmental Management Act, Section 2 93 Act No.

The central Government shall establish the capacity building programmes to the Municipal officials from time to time on the new techniques on how to combat solid waste and on the management of the solid universiyy in their localities. However, the Municipal have been facing some challenges in solid waste management such as low community involvement in solid waste management, lack of awareness, high cost of operation, inadequate tools for solid waste management, inadequate fund for operation, poor law enforcement as there is a laxity of actors or law enforcers such as extension officers, Mwenyekiti wa Mtaa, ward level leaders and Lack of landfills.

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Also, to carry out all directives to them by the minister in relation to the promotion and enhancement of sustainable management of the environment and perform any other function or discharging any other duty relating to ancillary or incidental to proper management jniversity the environment as provided under the Act. This allowed the researcher to have a considerable sample for obtaining information which was relevant to the study.

What does the Municipal by-laws state on solid waste management concerning waste producer responsibility?

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This literature is of vital importance as the author touches various areas on environmental management inter alia being solid waste management. Nevertheless, the practice on solid waste management in urban areas is not sufficient as the Institutional framework itself is not well organized which lead to laxity of the actors from the mtaa street level up to the Municipal, for example some actors on solid waste management are political leaders of which make them to act in according to their political interest making it hard for management of solid The Head of Department Waste Management Department, Ilala Municipal Council.

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The Act has given the number of ways on how the local authorities should manage waste inter alia being solid waste in their jurisdiction areas;- 99 Public Health Act, Section 75 3 a, b Ibid, Section 76 3 a Ibid, Section 77 Ibid, Section 78 1 and 2 Ibid, Section 79 a, b, c, d, e CAP R. The research found this by-law adequate saving for some few censures in tehsis sense that it provide for the wide coverage in solid waste management arena ranging from solid waste management strategies to the reprimands and penalties on default.

The high rate of food waste in 28 Ibid, Pg. Waste sector have been employing many people especially youths for instance there are youths who have employed themselves as scavengers bottles collectorsthis is one of the ways in which these youths have been making life and alleviate universoty poverty.

However, these governments seems to be incapacitated due to various factors, so this research is of the view that central government participation is still of paramount importance. Vincent Mtavangu, for his critical pieces of advices and valuable guidance, the tireless support in revising, correcting and maintaining accuracy to this research.

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Another constraint was time as the time given was hardly three months which affected the accomplishment of the research with regard to the field data collection. Moreover, due to the fact that data on the study were anticipated to uhiversity collected from different sources and places, financial constraint to effect travel in different places led to inadequate data to meet the objective of the study.

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Another author who attempted to define solid waste is Schubeler44who defined solid waste to include refuse from households, mzmube solid waste from industrial, commercial and institutional establishments including hospitalsmarket waste, mzubme waste and street sweepings. To my brother Elly John Marere, for your support, love, constant attention and encouragement, despite the distance.

The Act requires the authority to ensure that industries provide adequate space and facilities for managing all solid waste generated from the industry and in the premises prior to its collection for disposal.

Solid Waste Management also, refers to the collection, transfer, treatment, recycling, resource recovery and disposal of solid waste. Chapter two examined the existing environmental law principles and concepts on solid waste management.

The research was conducted basing on three questions which were; – Is the legal framework for solid iniversity management in urban areas sufficient? He had also dealt with the aspect on how the timely and consistent application of appropriate public participation plans may assist in reducing project risks and enhancing efficiency in solid waste management.

This method was chosen due to the fact that questionnaires when carefully crafted and administered, they are very useful tool for getting data from specific groups or people or entire populations on the identified legal problem. The researcher opted to use a combination of both structured and unstructured interview.

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Also, the institutional framework is not well arranged as it brings about Bureaucracy as fund to facilitate the solid waste management activities comes from the City Director office and thus the office Director has many priorities not only solid waste so sometimes you may find even the car may lack a fuel to go to the field to collect solid waste due to this bureaucracy.

This statutory definition of the universiry solid waste is exhaustive as it covers a wide range to reflect the concept. The disposal of solid waste can be carried 59 http: This literature is germane in the sense that the author has critical analysed the role of other actors other than the government in solid waste management.